are nothing special when the gem is just raw and maybe
embedded into a crystal. But they become very precious when they have the right
red color, not many inclusions the right size and cut.
Actually stones of a size bigger than about one centimeter
by about 8 millimeters are very valuable if clarity and so so
called "pigeon blood" red color is right, the value of
the gemstone rises exponentially with every millimeter more.
Many bigger red gemstones are even more rare than a
that's the reason why they can fetch higher prices when they
are of similar size and quality.
is quite expensive
when the stones are bigger, clear and the color is a bit
like blood. Loose ruby gemstones are easy to find at Bogyoke
Market in Yangon or Chanthaburi in Thailand which is one of
the main trading places for colored gems, no need to travel
to the mine in
Mogok or Mong Hsu.
Most have gem quality for beautiful jewelry, smaller stones
are also traded at an open yard in
Bogyoke market every day.
There is lots of business with jewelry
and gems there, buy them is the idea.
kind of gem trading out of the pocket is dangerous because
the guy who sell is gone after he sold and foreigners should
stay away from this by
any means since it is illegal and nobody can issue a valid
invoice and that's what is needed when leaving the country.
When they catch someone at the
airport with gems and no official invoice, they are confiscated and prison
is the next destination. A
foreigner get caught very likely because there are
always some plain cloth government guys around at
this place who are very likely to find out what's
Is the best what is made
out of this red precious stone, there are plenty
great designs of rings, bracelets, bangles,
pendants, necklaces and more. If its a nice design and
the stone has a substantial size it can get very
expensive quickly because many rubies of a given
size are even more expensive than diamonds since is
because it is very difficult to find good natural
rubies over around 7mm diameter,
is usually of high value, heat
treated stones are of low value. Synthetic stones
are another version mainly used in industrial
application such as laser and watch bearing. This untreated
stones have inclusions, that's the reason
why they get treated to get rid of the inclusions
which melt away during the heating process.
That's also the reason why so
many cabochons are around because at them impurities cant be
are difficult to find in sizes over around
8mm, means prices
are constantly rising, the market is somehow similar to
jade. Burmese ruby rings are still in high
jewelry includes some
people don't know is, there is a production of
diamonds in Burma and this is the only country which is not
included into the cartel of DeBeers.
is a pure ruby stone without any treatment yet
it wont often look good. Because of many inclusions
and at certain mines, particular at Mong Hsu in
Myanmar they do the heat treatment already at the
source because most stones they find are not of good
second gemstone tract in the country quite close to
Thailand is not like Mogok where most of the top
gems are mined. Most of the uncut gems end up in
Bangkok and Chanthaburi this are the two biggest
wholesale centers of the red gem.
As I look out of my
window on the night of my
arrival at Mogok, I see
before me, spread out in the
valley bottom, the town of
rubies, mist-clad, pricked
with fire ; and out of the
mist, effulgent, the
electric arcs of the
company, in scattered
echelon, blaze like
The Alpine forms of
mountains rise up in vague outline above the valley.
The rain-cleared sky is lit with a galaxy of stars.
In the morning when I wake and open my window to
look again on the spectacle. It is the day of the
big bazaar and the market-place is very busy,
Mining is done
just the same way as hundreds of years ago. Gemstone
mining is sophisticated in some countries in others
not. At mining in Burma nothing is sophisticated, the miners just dig and
wash through the earth and gravel, clean them
roughly put them on a table and now gem hunting
begins as it is visible at the pictures of rubies
and other precious stones, at Mong Hsu it's a
bit more advanced since it needed a
different technology to collect the red
stones. There the strange thing is, the
crystals are fixed within marble, it'ts not
as easy as Mogok where it works by the
is always a risky
business because there are so many people out there
who cheat, actually it's a mess. It is almost
impossible to trust anyone, in the precious gem
business most are Thai, Indians,
Chinese and Jewish. Unless you know the people personally and you buy
under the condition if something "fishy" is
encounters they will take the stone back don't buy.
Many dealers do every possible
tricks to cheat, Thais are notorious, aside of the usual heat treatment
without informing the customers they also
dilute gold for jewelry, but it needs to indicated
there are also some honest dealers who tell it's
treated or not on request,
Are often sold as
cabochons or with smaller sizes since every good
ruby over around 8mm becomes quite expensive means
not many people search for. Bigger gems can even
bring more money as a similar priced quality
Probably the biggest
marketplace for them is
Bangkok in Thailand
where most gems of the red type from Myanmar are
sold. People come from all over the world to deal
with it, read more.
Most come from Myanmar
where there is a substantial trading in Yangon, one
place is the
Bogyoke Aung San Market
another the biannual emporium at
Naypyidaw. But most
deals are made from companies who work as a go
between the mines and the buyer.
Every day groups of men
come together at the market and sell the
gems out from the pocket. The journey the precious
stones make until they reach the buyer is similar as
explained just above with the red gems,
in Myanmar are in Yangon's Bogyoke market, there are also
several jewelry shops in the hotels and the gem
museum. When buying the market is the first choice, if you
are a adventurer you could travel to Mogok and buy them
the mine, the problem is
how to determine the quality and how to get the
for legal export, don't try illegal gem export.
If they catch you, very likely, even if the stone is
quite small, you go to prison and this is real bad.
Prisons here are some of the worst in the
world, your health is worth more, buy the gems at
an authorized dealer to keep problems away.
have been mined
for several hundred
years and they have been available for long time. In certain cultures,
supernatural power have been interpreted into the
stones, some even thought the red color came from
fire inside the stone. Ancient Hindus believed that
they could make water boil, and early Greeks
thought the crystals could melt wax. In other
cultures it was commonly believed that this stone
was protecting a person who wear it because of its
they 'harvest' by the artesian
methode. There is a lack of investment capital because of the political instability - a
small clan with strong connections to France run the
country. France is one a strongest supporter of
Africans looting their countries. Lebanese have most of
the legal and illegal precious stones business in west
Africa under their control. In Madagascar the ruling clan on
power controls almost everything which brings money via
is after red gems and there
are always people who try to find the gems all over the world. Using
new exploration methods and cutting edge technology they are
only a beautiful gem, it also be considered a very high and long
lasting investment since the resources are dwindling on planet earth. In
recent years only in Madagascar new
mines opened and their output is very
little because of only minimal investment
A Burmese ruby ring could be
considered to be a very good solution when
you want to do your darling something real
good, beside of the other stuff. About this
gems much has been
said, bet this is eternal true. Gemstone are
so attractive and gets a high level of
attention, just think about this great red
what could be a better
ruby jewelry ?
Ruby Jewelry with two red stones,
white gold diamonds.
Mong Hsu Ruby set in a beautiful ring with
Excellent designed ruby diamond brooch
Various forms of
jewelry are available, mostly the
red stone come as a composition
together with diamonds to get some
Shops in Yangon's Bogyoke Market and
at the gem museum have crystals they
often come embedded into marble or
as here fixed into a other
are well known since centuries
but a star rubies is still rather rare.
is somehow the center of the red stone mining. Mogok is about
200km north of Mandalay and is the main mining area for the
red gems, the town is almost a synonym for
the red gem mining.
A beautiful lake lies in the
centre of town, with a hotel on a silt island and some other
The area around the Chanthargyi Pagoda on a small hill
provides a great panorama of Mogok Town, the lake and the
In 2011 population
was over 300,000, almost all of them make a
living in the
gemstone business. The town has a number of living
examples of the ‘rags to riches’ success story, some
got immensely wealthy. These lucky ones who
found some precious gemstone,
maybe a star ruby are no doubt a source of
inspiration and act as an incentive to the many
thousands of miners who are hoping to strike it
There are over 1,000 ruby mines within
an area of approximately 4,864 square kilometers around
Most mining is very simple, the soil containing gravel and other
substances is mixed with water,
conveyed to wooden receptacles
containing a series of metal sieves and
washed thoroughly with water.
The gravel and other solid matter are then carefully
examined and the gems are collected. The red coloring comes from the
presence of iron and chromium in the crystals. When
this is getting heated the structure
changes and inclusions disappears
which makes a great stone out of a
not so good one.
People don’t always go for
cut and polished precious
stones, often gemstone beads
are preferred for certain
purposes those are just the
right body decoration. Most
used are semi precious beads
those have a good market and
a sustainable selling and
buying is almost for sure.
Some of the most the best
selling items are jade beads
since they look good and
usually are not very
expensive also plenty of
different colors are
available. Real precious
stones beads are rather
seldom since beads are
always used in a larger
amount such as in a chain and that gets
quickly expensive when more than 10 are used.
Probably the most used precious stones in bead form
are pearls that are the nature of the item.
Tanzanite, aquamarine, and amethyst are probably the
most used semi precious stones beside of lower
For almost all fashion
clothing and not only fashion clothes
different colors are demanded for this task again
jade is probably the most versatile because of the
different colors available but for certain purposes
beads are ideal, it really
depends on the occasion to wear them and the color.
Jewelry made using the best fitting gemstone can
really enhance the overall appearance significantly.
the natural inclusions
in the gem. Means, it you don't see any inclusions
its a good indication the the stone has been heat
treated. This gems very often have flaws and cracks
which are hidden with all kind of tricks, by
applying special oils, waxes and resins. Myanmar or
Burma rubies do fluoresce under ultra-violet light
and some top quality stones will also fluoresce in
daylight. A simple way to find a synthetic
ruby is their very strong fluorescence.
Ruby heat treatment is very common
especially with stones that would not normally be of
gem quality. The whole simply means take a low
valuable gem into the oven, apply extreme pressure
and heay on it and out of the oven comes a perfect
matching the most valuable.
A star rubies forms the star when rutile needles
this can display a
known as asterism, a cat's eye effect is also
possible but this is very rare. If you like any of
this precious items visit the Bogyoke Aung San
market in Yangon, that's the premier bazaar to buy
them. There are some more shops around, a
interesting buy you could also to in the Gem Museum.
colored gems are
the most valuable. Thai rubies come
from Burma, either imported legally or
-mostly- smuggled. The main trading places are
The physical properties and inclusions
indicate the place where they come from.
This gems very often have
inclusions of rutile, like olivine
and spinel. Ancient Hindu's referred to them as
the Lord of Gems and for centuries it has
been mixed up with spinels. Red corundum is
called ruby, a other version of corundum is a
second in terms of hardness only to the
The best way to clean your ruby jewelry is
with a toothbrush soap and warm water, do
avoid chemical cleaners as this could have
an adverse effect on any oils used to treat
your gemstone, however it is also safe to
use a steam or ultra-sonic cleaner. The main
use is for jewelry, bearings in watches plus
light generation for laser and some and some
of this are so called gem paintings where
the usual colors are substituted by various
gems, jade and other semi precious stones
means instead of daubing paint on a canvas
or board gem studs are glued on it.
The art of gems painting
goes back around
3000 years when artists in Greece when clay
was studded with small precious and semi
precious stones. Today its done in some EU
countries and Japan, Myanmar and other
countries in the region started years ago.
Gem painting in Burma is
done in two ways, first, gems
are crushed into bits of powder, sieved and
segregated into various sizes and colors and
glued onto canvas or a board. Second, low
grade gems grouped into different sizes,
colors and tones get studded with glue on
canvas or board.
The design is
first drawn on the front after its studded
with gems. In Burma gem
painting is somehow a small industry with
different centers, among them is Sagaing,
Yangon and Mandalay, gems usually come from
the Mogok mines. Colored stones used are,
red and pink, for blue copper sulphate
crystals are used. For white it's calcite or
moonstone, for green
peridot, for black citrine is used. To bring
yellow in is done with zircon or a yellow
variety of topaz or quartz is used, for
violet and purple amethyst is used. Also
jade, coral and pearls are used when
appropriate. Prices are according to the
value of the gems used, its sometimes a nice
decoration in an office or home.
be the girl’s best
friend, but nothing beats a piece of ruby jewelry,
its red but often with a slight blue hue. So
whatever the occasion, this gems jewelry can mark the occasion
with a touch of heart and soul giving that person
a timeless treasure.
jewelry - laser, watch bearing, other.
value of a raw gems - depends of size, color and
wear gems - jewelry, fashion.
what does a mined stone mean? - money.
what does a real stone look like - its red and
what does it mean when it has been heat treated
- red color is better and more intense.
what does Madagascar ruby mean - red stones mined in
what does the stone look like when found - red
stone or crystal.
what does the stone stand for - value.
what is raw stone worth? - depends on size, color,
what is the best color? - "pigeon blood"
color, intense red, little inclusion, size.
what is the use of this stone? - jewelry, laser,
watches bearings +.
what jewellery is made out from? - ring,
pendant, bracelet, earnings and other.
what's a better stone,
this one or sapphire? - its the same
only different color.
where are they imported from? - Myanmar, Thailand,
Madagascar, Sri Lanka.
which country has the best stone? - Myanmar
which are more expensive they or diamonds? - it
depends on the quality, actually they are also much
more rare than diamonds.
why are they good? - they look good, after cutting
and polishing and are only second to diamonds in
terms to hardness.
why is it considered a solution? - because it
looks good, has value and is useful.
why is the stone red and a sapphire blue? - the color
was made from inclusions during forming the
Yangon sellers? -
At Bogyoke Market.