Ruby Gemstone
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Ruby Gemstone & Star Rubies


are nothing special when the gem is just raw and maybe embedded into a crystal. But they become very precious when they have the right red color, not many inclusions the right size and cut. Actually stones of a size bigger than about one centimeter by about 8 millimeters are very valuable if clarity and so so called "pigeon blood" red color is right, the value of the gemstone rises exponentially with every millimeter more. Many bigger red gemstones are even more rare than a diamond, that's the reason why they can fetch higher prices when they are of similar size and quality.


Exquisite jewelry is quite expensive

when the stones are bigger, clear and the color is a bit like blood. Loose ruby gemstones are easy to find at Bogyoke Market in Yangon or Chanthaburi in Thailand which is one of the main trading places for colored gems, no need to travel to the mine in Mogok or Mong Hsu.

Most have gem quality for beautiful jewelry, smaller stones are also traded at an open yard in Bogyoke market every day. There is lots of business with jewelry and gems there, buy them is the idea.

But this kind of gem trading out of the pocket is dangerous because the guy who sell is gone after he sold and foreigners should stay away from this by any means since it is illegal and nobody can issue a valid invoice and that's what is needed when leaving the country.

When they catch someone at the airport with gems and no official invoice, they are confiscated and prison is the next destination. A foreigner get caught very likely because there are always some plain cloth government guys around at this place who are very likely to find out what's going on.

Ruby Jewelry




Is the best what is made out of this red precious stone, there are plenty great designs of rings, bracelets, bangles, pendants, necklaces and more. If its a nice design and the stone has a substantial size it can get very expensive quickly because many rubies of a given size are even more expensive than diamonds since is because it is very difficult to find good natural rubies over around 7mm diameter, read more.

ruby jewelry
A natural ruby

is usually of high value, heat treated stones are of low value. Synthetic stones are another version mainly used in industrial application such as laser and watch bearing. This untreated stones have inclusions, that's the reason why they get treated to get rid of the inclusions which melt away during the heating process.

That's also the reason why so many cabochons are around because at them impurities cant be seen, read more.

Natural Rubies at Mogok
Natural rubies
Myanmar Ruby

are difficult to find in sizes over around 8mm, means prices are constantly rising, the market is somehow similar to jade. Burmese ruby rings are still in high demand  most jewelry includes some diamonds.  What most people don't know is, there is a production of diamonds in Burma and this is the only country which is not included into the cartel of DeBeers.

Myanmar ruby
Ruby Stone

If there is a pure ruby stone without any treatment yet it wont often look good. Because of many inclusions and at certain mines, particular at Mong Hsu in Myanmar they do the heat treatment already at the source because most stones they find are not of good quality. This second gemstone tract in the country quite close to Thailand is not like Mogok where most of the top gems are mined. Most of the uncut gems end up in Bangkok and Chanthaburi this are the two biggest wholesale centers of the red gem.
Trip to Mogok

As I look out of my window on the night of my arrival at Mogok, I see before me, spread out in the valley bottom, the town of rubies, mist-clad, pricked with fire ; and out of the mist, effulgent, the electric arcs of the company, in scattered echelon, blaze like sapphires.
The Alpine forms of mountains rise up in vague outline above the valley. The rain-cleared sky is lit with a galaxy of stars. In the morning when I wake and open my window to look again on the spectacle. It is the day of the big bazaar and the market-place is very busy, read more.

trip to Mogok
Loose rough ruby gemstone fresh collected





Mining is done just the same way as hundreds of years ago. Gemstone mining is sophisticated in some countries in others not. At mining in Burma nothing is sophisticated, the miners just dig and wash through the earth and gravel, clean them roughly put them on a table and now gem hunting begins as it is visible at the pictures of rubies and other precious stones, at Mong Hsu it's a bit more advanced since it needed a different technology to collect the red stones. There the strange thing is, the crystals are fixed within marble, it'ts not as easy as Mogok where it works by the artesian method,  read more.

Mong Hsu Ruby Mine
Selling & Buying



is always a risky business because there are so many people out there who cheat, actually it's a mess. It is almost impossible to trust anyone, in the precious gem business most are Thai, Indians, Chinese and Jewish. Unless you know the people personally and you buy under the condition if something "fishy" is encounters they will take the stone back don't buy. Many dealers do every possible tricks to cheat, Thais are notorious, aside of the usual heat treatment without informing the customers they also dilute gold for jewelry, but it needs to indicated there are also some honest dealers who tell it's treated or not on request, read more.

ruby buying and selling
Loose Stones



Are often sold as cabochons or with smaller sizes since every good ruby over around 8mm becomes quite expensive means not many people search for. Bigger gems can even bring more money as a similar priced quality diamond.

Probably the biggest marketplace  for them is Yangon and Chanthaburi plus Bangkok in Thailand where most gems of the red type from Myanmar are sold. People come from all over the world to deal with it, read more.

loose rubies
Loose ruby gemstones for sale
buy cabochons
Buy cabochons
ruby painting
and stone painting plus a
ruby gemstone pagoda
ruby gemstone pagoda
Loose Sapphire

Most come from Myanmar where there is a substantial trading in Yangon, one place is the Bogyoke Aung San Market another the biannual emporium at Naypyidaw. But most deals are made from companies who work as a go between the mines and the buyer.

Every day groups of men come together at the market and sell the gems out from the pocket. The journey the precious stones make until they reach the buyer is similar as explained just above with the red gems, read more.

loose sapphires

Most gemstone shops in Myanmar are in Yangon's Bogyoke market, there are also several jewelry shops in the hotels and the gem museum. When buying the market is the first choice, if you are a adventurer you could travel to Mogok and buy them directly from


the mine, the problem is how to determine the quality and how to get the right paper for legal export, don't try illegal gem export. If they catch you, very likely, even if the stone is quite small, you go to prison and this is real bad. Prisons here are some of the worst in the world, your health is worth more, buy the gems at an authorized dealer to keep problems away.

Burmese Ruby have been mined

for several hundred years and they have been available for long time. In certain cultures, supernatural power have been interpreted into the stones, some even thought the red color came from fire inside the stone. Ancient Hindus believed that they could make water boil, and early Greeks thought the crystals could melt wax. In other cultures it was commonly believed that this stone was protecting a person who wear it because of its blood-like color.

burmese ruby gemstone
Burmese ruby Jewelry Pictures

 raw red rubies

In Madagascar they 'harvest' by the artesian methode. There is a lack of investment capital because of the political instability - a small clan with strong connections to France run the country. France is one a strongest supporter of  Africans looting their countries. Lebanese have most of the legal and illegal precious stones business in west Africa under their control. In Madagascar the ruling clan on power controls almost everything which brings money via export.

The hunt is after red gems and there are always people who try to find the gems all over the world. Using new exploration methods and cutting edge technology they are quite successful.


Ruby gemstone and great star rubies plus other gems, better buy natural in gem quality for jewelry.


This is not only a beautiful gem, it also be considered a very high and long lasting investment since the resources are dwindling on planet earth. In recent years only in Madagascar new mines opened and their output is very little because of only minimal investment into mining.

A Burmese ruby ring could be considered to be a very good solution when you want to do your darling something real good, beside of the other stuff. About this gems much has been said, bet this is eternal true. Gemstone are so attractive and gets a high level of attention, just think about this great red stone and diamond ring, what could be a better ruby jewelry ?

  Ruby Jewelry
Ruby Jewelry with  two red stones, white gold diamonds.
Mong Hsu Ruby
Mong Hsu Ruby set in a beautiful ring with two diamonds.
Ruby Diamond Brooch
Excellent designed ruby diamond brooch
Shop with Star Ruby

Various forms of jewelry are available, mostly the red stone come as a composition together with diamonds to get some "fire".
Mogok Rubies and ruby gemstone
Myanmar Ruby gemstones
Shops in Yangon's Bogyoke Market and at the gem museum have crystals they often come embedded into marble or as here fixed into a other Myanmar Ruby crystals.

Mogok rubies

are well known since centuries but a star rubies is still rather rare. This town in
central Myanmar
is somehow the center of the red stone mining. Mogok is about 200km north of Mandalay and is the main mining area for the red gems, the town is almost a synonym for the red gem mining.

A beautiful lake lies in the centre of town, with a hotel on a silt island and some other accommodations. The area around the Chanthargyi Pagoda on a small hill provides a great panorama of Mogok Town, the lake and the surrounding hills.

In 2011 population was over 300,000, almost all of them make a living in the gemstone business. The town has a number of living examples of the ‘rags to riches’ success story, some got immensely wealthy. These lucky ones who


found some precious gemstone, maybe a star ruby are no doubt a source of inspiration and act as an incentive to the many  thousands of miners who are hoping to strike it rich. There are over 1,000 ruby mines within an area of approximately 4,864 square kilometers around Mogok. Most mining is very simple, the soil containing gravel and other substances is mixed with water, conveyed to wooden receptacles containing a series of metal sieves and washed thoroughly with water.

The gravel and other solid matter are then carefully examined and the gems are collected. The red coloring comes from the presence of iron and chromium in the crystals. When this is getting heated the structure changes and inclusions disappears which makes a great stone out of a not so good one.

Ruby Mines

Rough rubies from Mong Hsu are not so
mong hsu rubies
good all are not clear and they do heat
loose gemstones
treatment already at the mine.
What about some beautiful beads

People don’t always go for cut and polished precious stones, often gemstone beads are preferred for certain purposes those are just the right body decoration. Most used are semi precious beads those have a good market and a sustainable selling and buying is almost for sure. Some of the most the best selling items are jade beads since they look good and usually are not very expensive also plenty of different colors are available. Real precious stones beads are rather seldom since beads are always used in a larger

sorting the rubies at Mong Hsu Rubies and Sapphires



amount such as in a chain and that gets quickly expensive when more than 10 are used. Probably the most used precious stones in bead form are pearls that are the nature of the item. Tanzanite, aquamarine, and amethyst are probably the most used semi precious stones beside of lower priced jades.

For almost all fashion clothing and not only fashion clothes different colors are demanded for this task again jade is probably the most versatile because of the different colors available but for certain purposes beads are ideal, it really depends on the occasion to wear them and the color.  Jewelry made using the best fitting gemstone can really enhance the overall appearance significantly.

Star Ruby

Heat treatment melts

the natural inclusions in the gem. Means, it you don't see any inclusions its a good indication the the stone has been heat treated. This gems very often have flaws and cracks which are hidden with all kind of tricks, by applying special oils, waxes and resins. Myanmar or Burma rubies do fluoresce under ultra-violet light and some top quality stones will also fluoresce in daylight. A simple way to find a synthetic ruby is their very strong fluorescence.

Ruby heat treatment is very common especially with stones that would not normally be of gem quality. The whole simply means take a low valuable gem into the oven, apply extreme pressure and heay on it and out of the oven comes a perfect gem matching the most valuable.

A star rubies forms the star when rutile needles align

this can display a six-ray star, known as asterism, a cat's eye effect is also possible but this is very rare. If you like any of this precious items visit the Bogyoke Aung San market in Yangon, that's the premier bazaar to buy them. There are some more shops around, a interesting buy you could also to in the Gem Museum.


"Pigeon blood" colored gems are the most valuable. Thai rubies come from Burma, either imported legally or -mostly- smuggled. The main trading places are Bangkok and Chanthaburi. The physical properties and inclusions indicate the place where they come from. This gems very often have inclusions of rutile, like olivine and spinel. Ancient Hindu's referred to them as the Lord of Gems and for centuries it has been mixed up with spinels. Red corundum is called ruby, a other version of corundum is a blue sapphire.

They are second in terms of hardness only to the diamonds. The best way to clean your ruby jewelry is with a toothbrush soap and warm water, do avoid chemical cleaners as this could have an adverse effect on any oils used to treat your gemstone, however it is also safe to use a steam or ultra-sonic cleaner. The main use is for jewelry, bearings in watches plus light generation for laser and some and some more

Star Ruby

applications one of this are so called gem paintings where the usual colors are substituted by various gems, jade and other semi precious stones means instead of daubing paint on a canvas or board gem studs are glued on it.

The art of gems painting

goes back around 3000 years when artists in Greece when clay was studded with small precious and semi precious stones. Today its done in some EU countries and Japan, Myanmar and other countries in the region started years ago. Gem painting in Burma is

gems painting

done in two ways, first, gems are crushed into bits of powder, sieved and segregated into various sizes and colors and glued onto canvas or a board. Second, low grade gems grouped into different sizes, colors and tones get studded with glue on canvas or board.

The design is first drawn on the front after its studded with gems. In  Burma gem painting is somehow a small industry with different centers, among them is Sagaing, Yangon and Mandalay, gems usually come from the Mogok mines. Colored stones used are, red and pink, for blue copper sulphate crystals are used. For white it's calcite or moonstone, for green


olivine and peridot, for black citrine is used. To bring yellow in is done with zircon or a yellow variety of topaz or quartz is used, for violet and purple amethyst is used. Also jade, coral and pearls are used when appropriate. Prices are according to the value of the gems used, its sometimes a nice decoration in an office or home.

Diamonds might

be the girl’s best friend, but nothing beats a piece of ruby jewelry, its red but often with a slight blue hue. So whatever the occasion, this gems jewelry can mark the occasion with a touch of heart and soul giving that person a timeless treasure.

About Rubies

besides jewelry - laser, watch bearing, other.
value of a raw gems - depends of size, color and form.
wear gems - jewelry, fashion.
what does a mined stone mean? - money.
what does a real stone look like - its red and shiny
what does it mean when it has been heat treated - red color is better and more intense.
what does Madagascar ruby mean - red stones mined in Madagascar
what does the stone look like when found - red stone or crystal.
what does the stone stand for - value.
what is raw stone worth? - depends on size, color, clarity.
what is the best color? - "pigeon blood" color, intense red, little inclusion, size.
what is the use of this stone? - jewelry, laser, watches bearings +.
what jewellery is made out from? - ring, pendant, bracelet, earnings and other.

  what's a better stone, this one or sapphire? - its the same only different color.
where are they imported from? - Myanmar, Thailand, Madagascar, Sri Lanka.
which country has the best stone? - Myanmar
which are more expensive they or diamonds? - it depends on the quality, actually they are also much more rare than diamonds.
why are they good? - they look good, after cutting and polishing and are only second to diamonds in terms to hardness.
why is it considered a solution? - because it looks good, has value and is useful.
why is the stone red and a sapphire blue? - the color was made from inclusions during forming the gemstone.
Yangon sellers? - At Bogyoke Market.
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